Ecuador Bus Terminals

Ecuador’s diversity mosaic diagram

Ground floor plan (T4 category)

Indoor ecosystem variations

Program flexibility diagram

Facade variations

T4 Coastal climate variation

T4 Andean climate variation

T4 Inter-Andean / Amazonian climate variation

Architectural typology design for Ecuador’s Bus Terminal Network

In collaboration with ECO & Arquitectos for the Ministry of Transport and Public Works (2014)

Quito, Ecuador

Design team:
Pablo Castro, Roberto Morales, Santiago del Hierro, Gary Leggett, María del Carmen Burbano, Marcos Caicedo, Patricia Grijalva, Cristian Guano, Gabriel Moyer-Perez, Vladimir Tapia
Field research
Pablo Lloret, Feliu Vega
Transport specialist:
Enrico Pupi
GIS analysis:
Juan Sebastián Durango
Environmental design:
Carolina Proaño

Between 2010 and 2016, Ecuador went through a period of institutional restructuring and normalization. Part of this large scale national project was to standardize several typologies of public infrastructure (mainly in health, education tourism and transport). Within this context, the Ministry of Transport and Public Works hired a consultancy that would assist in defining new architectural typologies for public transport terminals across the country.

Elevating the quality standard for public services is important. However, these types of broad-brush top-down strategies run a high risk of turning standardization into a one-size-fits-all model that would project the exact same building in contexts that are very diverse due to climatic, cultural, economic and social particularities.

Aware of this political conflict of interests, the project developed for this consultancy explored ways in which a balance between generic functional strategies could be adapted to different contexts through bioclimatic and programmatic analysis. Materials, construction details and parts of the ground floor plan were defined as catalogs of components and not as specific designs.

The outcome in 2014, however, was that the Government chose to use only one typology as it reflected a “unified” and recognizable image of the State and its key infrastructure.